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Mustard

Mustard (Brassica spp.), a native to temperate regions of Europe, was one of the first domesticated crops. This crop’s economic value resulted in its wide dispersal and it has been grown as a herb in Asia, North Africa, and Europe for thousands of years. Mustard has been cultivated as early as 5000 BC.

Brassica (rapeseed‐mustard) is the second most important edible oilseed crop in India after groundnut and accounts for nearly 30% of the total oilseeds produced in the country. India is one of the largest rapeseed‐mustard growing countries in the world, accounting for 21.7 % and 10.7% of the total acreage and production occupying the first position in Area and second position in Production after China. The most important states growing these crops are Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Orissa, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat and West Bengal. The world production of Rapeseed/Mustard has been increasing at a rapid rate in several countries largely in response to the continuing increase in demand for edible oils and its products.

Mustard Products
Some Key Facts About Mustard
  • Americans use more mustard than any other country in the world
  • More than 3.15 lakh tones of mustard are consumed worldwide
  • National mustard day is August 1st.
Mustard : Jambo
Plant height : 150 to 180 (cm)
Distinguishing Morphological Characters : Medium Tall Height with good branching, Long main shoot, Dark green leaves, Medium flowering stage
Maturity (Range in No. of Days) : 100 -120 days
Maturity Group : Medium
Reaction to Major Diseases Under Field & controlled conditions : Tolerance toward Sclerotinia & Alternaria diseases
Reaction to Major Pest : Tolerance toward Sucking Pest
Seed Rate : Seed Rate 4 – 5 Kg/ha
Quality of Produce : Deep brown & Bold seeded with High oil content
Reaction to Stresses : Moderately Tolerant to stress condition
Specific feature : Semi-appressed Siliqua angle towards shoot. Having 40 to 50 siliqua per branch with 16 to 18 seed per siliqua
Agronomic Features :
  • Adaptable in both irrigated and rain-fed areas
  • Water Logged soil condition should be avoidable
  • Recommended 2 to 3 plough followed by planking for field preparation
  • Loam and sandy loam soil having good drainage
  • Recommended for deep soil with high water holding capacity, Loam and sandy loam soil having good drainage
  • Give better results if sown within October for normal sown irrigated condition and from mid Sept to Oct mid for rain fed conditions

Last Updated on : February 22, 2017