Brassica (rapeseed‐mustard) is the second most important edible oilseed crop in India after groundnut and accounts for nearly 30% of the total oilseeds produced in the country. India is one of the largest rapeseed‐mustard growing countries in the world, accounting for 21.7 % and 10.7% of the total acreage and production occupying the first position in Area and second position in Production after China. The most important states growing these crops are Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Orissa, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat and West Bengal. The world production of Rapeseed/Mustard has been increasing at a rapid rate in several countries largely in response to the continuing increase in demand for edible oils and its products.
- Americans use more mustard than any other country in the world
- More than 3.15 lakh tones of mustard are consumed worldwide
- National mustard day is August 1st.
Mustard : Jambo
|Plant height||:||150 to 180 (cm)|
|Distinguishing Morphological Characters||:||Medium Tall Height with good branching, Long main shoot, Dark green leaves, Medium flowering stage|
|Maturity (Range in No. of Days)||:||100 -120 days|
|Reaction to Major Diseases Under Field & controlled conditions||:||Tolerance toward Sclerotinia & Alternaria diseases|
|Reaction to Major Pest||:||Tolerance toward Sucking Pest|
|Seed Rate||:||Seed Rate 4 – 5 Kg/ha|
|Quality of Produce||:||Deep brown & Bold seeded with High oil content|
|Reaction to Stresses||:||Moderately Tolerant to stress condition|
|Specific feature||:||Semi-appressed Siliqua angle towards shoot. Having 40 to 50 siliqua per branch with 16 to 18 seed per siliqua|