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Maize

Maize was the first major cereal crop in human civilization to be affected by hybridization. It is the most widely distributed crop of world being grown in diverse seasons and ecologies with highest production and productivity among food cereals. It is grown in about 166 countries occupying 165 mha area with production of more than 800 million tons and productivity of 5.1 tons/ha. It is used worldwide for about 3500 products of different uses as feed (61%), food (17%) and also serves as a source of basic raw material of number of industries (22%) viz., starch, ethanol, oil, alcoholic beverages, food sweeteners, pharma, cosmetics etc. No other cereal can be used in such many ways as maize.

In India maize has higher growth rate among food crops contributing 5% area, 2.4% production to world maize and Rs. 155 billion to Indian agriculture GDP. In India as per the latest report (2010-11), maize area, production and productivity is 8.55 mha, 21.74 mt and 2.54 tons/ha, respectively. The maize production has increased >13 times from a mere 1.73mt (1950-51) to 21.74 mt (2010-11). The demand for maize will touch 42 mt by 2025 as per the trade predictions. Maize is accounting over 9% of the total cereals and occupied third place after rice and wheat. In the World, despite India ranks 4th in both area and production of maize, its productivity is far lower than world average. With increased demand for maize as food, feed and industrial applications, it could become the important cereal in terms of area and production in the next few decades. It is predicted that by 2025, the total global maize demand will exceed the demand for wheat and rice. It is the crop of future as mentioned by the father of the Green Revolution, renowned Nobel laureate Dr. Norman E. Borlaug.

In India, all most all 28 states growing maize, but 60% of its area concentrated in 6 major states i.e., Andhra Pradesh, Utter Pradesh, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh. Maize is grown in wide range of production environments, ranging from the temperate hill zones in Himachal Pradesh in the North to the semi arid desert margins in Rajasthan in the West to the humid tropical zones in Karnataka in the South.

Keeping this in view we are emphasizing on potential breeding strategies by strictly following heterotic groups for enhancement of combining abilities while concentrating on maximization of genetic diversity. We are concentrating on intensive inbred line development with unique features. Objectives of our corn research program are

  • Development of high yielding single cross hybrids suitable for both high management and rainfed situations,
  • Tolerant to foliar diseases and lodging
  • Medium/early maturity for kharif followed by late maturity for Rabi.
Maize Products
Some Key Facts of Maize
  • Maize is grown widely throughout the world in a range of agro-ecological environments
  • Maize is rich in vitamins A, C and E, essential minerals, and contains 9% protein.
  • Worldwide human consumption of the crop is more than 116 million tons.
  • It has an incredibly long shelf life.
  • There are more than 3,500 different uses for corn products.
Maize : Sandhya – NMH 666
Plant Height : Tall
Duration : Kharif: 105 – 110 Days
Cob Placement : Low
Grain Type and Colour : Semi-flint with dull yellowish orange colour
Special Features / USPs :
  • Suitable for high density planting (60×20 cm spacing)
  • cob is long with high shelling percentage i.e. 82%
  • High yielder under good management
  • Suitable for irrigated conditions
Maize : Trupthi – NMH 4040
Plant height : Tall (270-280 cms)
Duration : Kharif-105-110 days, Rabi-125-130 days
Ear placement : Medium(130-135 cms
Grain type and colour : Semi-dent, White
Ear : Cylindrical
Special features/USPs :
  • Milky White Bold kernels
  • Uniform cob size
  • High Shelling (80-82%)
Maize : Bond – NMH 007
Plant height : Tall
Duration : Kharif-110-115 days, Rabi-120-125 days
Cob Placement : Medium
Grain Type and Colour : Semi dent, orange yellow
Cob : Long cob, medium girth and
good tip filling
Special features/USPs :
  • Suitable for rainfed conditions
  • Attractive orange yellow grain with good tip filling
  • Stay green crop

Maize : Sunny – NMH 777
Plant height : Tall
Duration : Kharif-105-110 days, Rabi-115-120 days
Ear placement : Medium
Grain type and colour : Orange yellow
Ear : Long with medium girth
Special features/USPs :
  • Uniform cob size with excellent tip filling
  • Orange yellow semi-dent Bold kernels
  • Stable yielder in moderate stress conditions
  • Suitable for rainfed
Maize : Shresta- NMH 731
Plant height : Tall(260-270 cms)
Duration : Kharif-105-110 days, Rabi-115-120 days
Ear placement : Low(115-120 cms)
Grain type and colour : Semi dent, orange yellow
Ear : Long cob, medium girth and with good tip filling
Special features :
  • Suitable for high density planting
  • Long cobs with 14-16 rows
  • Grain color better than 30V92
  • Uniform placement of cobs, cob size is uniform
  • Tip filling is good
  • Good husk coverage
  • Shelling % 83-85
  • Better disease tolerance than 30V92
Maize : Mallika – NMH 920
Special Features / USPs
  • Long and good girth of cobs
  • Attractive orange yellow kernels
  • Uniform placement of cobs
  • Uniform cob size
  • Shelling 80%
Additional Features
Plant Height : Tall
Duration : Kharif: 110-115 days, Rabi: 120-125 days
Cob placement : Medium (130-135 cms)
Grain type and colour : Semi dent, orange yellow
Cob : Long cob, medium girth and with good tip filling

Last Updated on : February 22, 2017