Cotton is considered the ‘king of crops’ and is native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world, including the Americas, Africa, and India.. The major cotton producing countries are USA, China, India, Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Egypt, Argentina, Australia, Greece, Brazil and Turkey. These countries contribute about 85% to the global Cotton production. Cotton is the most important fiber crop of the world and it is also one of the most widely grown commercial crops in India. Our country ranks among the top three cotton producers in the world, with the cultivate area being 11mha, which is approximately one quarter of the world’s cotton growing area of 43 mha. India is the second largest producer of cotton in the world after China, collectively accounting for over 21% of the global cotton production.
In India, cotton crop is grown throughout the country. However, there are nine major cotton producing states, viz. Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. These states contribute about 90% to the National cotton production. Based on cotton cultivation, India is divided into three major zones viz. north zone (Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan), central zone (Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat) and south zone (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu).
Nuziveedu Seeds a corporate giant in the Indian seed industry has the largest germplasm collection of Hybrid and Bt cotton. The company is proud to have around 160 hybrids to its credit which is way ahead of its closest competitors. This accomplishment has been possible through the intensive efforts of Nuziveedu Seeds’s state of the art R&D division which has discovered many world-class hybrid seeds in cotton and is engaged in developing superior hybrids and improved variations of different products of cotton, Nuziveedu Seeds’s multi-location trial centers have been set up in different agro-climatic zones, to evaluate the adaptability of various products and screen them with reference to biotic and abiotic stresses and other desirable characters.