Bajra or pearl millet is an important coarse grain crop and considered to be the poor man’s staple nourishment. It is believed to be the native of Africa, from where it spread to India and other countries. It is one of the important crops of South Eastern Asia, China, India, Pakistan, Arabia, Sudan, Russia and Nigeria. In India, it is grown in Haryana, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. Bajra grains form a staple diet of about 10% population in the country and valuable fodder for cattle.
Bajra crop survives under adverse climatic conditions. It is well adapted to growing areas characterized by drought, low soil fertility, and high temperature. It is grown in low rainfall regions, with annual rainfall ranging from 50-70 centimeters. It is a drought tolerant crop and is suitable for dry farming situations. Moist weather is conducive to growth during its early vegetative period. A temperature range of 20-30°C is best for its growth. It performs well in soils with high salinity or low pH. Because of its tolerance to difficult growing conditions, it can be grown in areas where other cereal crops, such as maize or wheat, would not survive.
In India bajra is grown over an area of 11.34 million hectares with total production of 5.5 million tons. It is grown everywhere in India The local varieties of bajra grow very tall and mature late. The yield of these varieties is also very low. But due to efforts of All India Co-ordinated Research Project several hybrids and composites are now available. These solve the problems of low yielding for farmers.
Nuziveedu Seeds – Giving Bajra Yields a Boost
Nuziveedu Seeds monitors its seed varieties to give the farmer the highest quality. The R&D wing perseveres with the main objective to
- Develop high yielding hybrids with downey mildew disease resistance/tolerance for different zones
Some Key Facts of Sunflower
- Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) is an annual plant native to the Americas.
- The sunflower plant can grow from 3 to 18 feet tall.
- Sunflower oil, is used for cooking, as a carrier oil and to produce margarine and biodiesel.
- The oil cake is used as a livestock feed.
- A single sunflower can have up to 2000 seeds.